This report is based on a three-year national research study, Exemplary Programs for Newcomer English Language Learners at the Secondary Level, conducted by the Center for Applied Linguistics on behalf of the Carnegie Corporation of New York, of a national survey of secondary school newcomer programs. It included a compilation of program profiles into an online searchable database and case studies of ten of these programs selected for their exemplary practices. The findings showed that there is no one set model for a newcomer program. Besides newcomers’ different native languages and countries of origin, the differences in their literacy skills and educational backgrounds proved to be the most important factors for a newcomer program’s design. This report explains how the characteristics of newcomer students interact with program goals to determine an appropriate design for a newcomer program. To download this document, click here.